AS History

AS History Many centres find the AQA AS historical area difficult.  There are few resources available and student’s background knowledge tends to be scant to say the least.  The specification is not overly clear either:   The historical, social and cultural factors contributing towards the development of the current provision […]

Self Confidence and Self-Efficacy

Having watched Usain Bolt once again dominate the world of athletics, my thoughts turned to the psychology of his performances. Without doubt he is a very confident man. If would appear from watching Bolt that this confidence is an essential element of successful performance.   The major purpose of any […]

Cardiac Mechanics

One of the more difficult concepts for students to understand is how the heart copes with the demands of exercise, and how training benefits the performer.  For example, many students will learn that training produces an effect called bradycardia.  But, how does bradycardia benefit a performer?  How does having the […]


One of the bigger sporting events of this summer is the British and Irish Lions Rugby tour to Australia.  Whenever people watch Rugby Union with limited knowledge of the sport (or of A-level Physical Education!) they will be thinking about aggression.  Ideas such as Rugby is aggressive, or seeing incidents […]

Schema Theory

Understanding and using Schmidt’s Schema Theory Schmidt’s Schema Theory tries to explain how we learn and perform ‘discrete perceptual motor skills’. Discrete skills are skills that take a short time to perform and have a clear beginning and end (the ‘discrete’ part). They involve using our senses to understand what […]


Why do many students find the concept of levers so difficult? Maybe the problem is terminology; with each part of a lever system having a variety of alternative names. For example, fulcrum, pivot and joint are actually the same thing in terms of levers systems. I would always suggest that […]

A-Level PE PHED 1 Online Revision Session

This short-clip gives you an insight into extended answer responses for PHED 1 (AQA). The clip is part of Subject Support’s Online Student Revision Workshops. There is another online session taking place in January 2013 for the PHED 1 examination in January 2013. There are further revision sessions taking place […]


Like millions of others, I have been watching Champions League football on TV. What interested me was how commercialised the whole competition had become. I searched online and found images of the 1966 World Cup Final when England won. The difference in the representation of the two spectacles was dramatic. […]